Programmes
NIDDCP - National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme
Iodine is an essential micro nutrient. It is required at 100-150 micrograms daily for normal human growth and development. The disorders caused due to deficiency of nutritional iodine in the food/diet are called iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs).
Objective

Iodine Deficiency Disorders are a worldwide major public health problem. These affect a large segment of populations in all continents of our planet and have been with us from generation. As per information available, more than 1.5 billion people all over the world are at risk of IDD.

Important objectives and components of NIDDCP include:

  • Surveys to assess the magnitude of Iodine Deficiency Disorders.
  • Supply of iodated salt in the place of common salt.
  • Resurvey after every 5 years to assess the extent of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the impact of iodated salt.
  • Laboratory monitoring of iodated salt and urinary iodine excretion.
  • Health education and publicity.

Strategy

Consumption of iodated salt has been established as the best and simplest way to prevent and control IDD. Thus the main strategy of the programme is the enhancement of production and supply of iodated salt.

Program Details

The programme commenced in 1986 under the name of Natonal Goitre Control Programme. In 1992, 'National Goitre Control Programme' was renamed as 'National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme'. As inferred from previous surveys, 6 districts of Andhra Pradesh are endemic to Iodine Deficiency Disorders. These districts are: Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna and Nellore. Therefore, NIDDCP is currently implemented in these 6 districts.



Key performance indicators
  • Number of districts covered in a phased manner in survey and resurvey of iodine deficiency disorders (includes goitre examination, salt testing and urine testing).
  • Number of staff trained under the programme.
  • Number of IEC camps conducted to improve awareness among the public.

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Contact Information

Commissioner of Health & Family Welfare,
DM&HS Campus, Sultan Bazar,
Andhra Pradesh
Hyderabad - 500095